Farmer Cross-Visits and Technology Transfer — Income Diversification Strategies for Smallholder Farmers: 13 January, 2012 at Takeo Province.
1. What are the main objectives of our farmer cross-visits?
To improve knowledge of farmers in "Farm Adjustment Practices" that will help them better cope with risks-related to weather and increase incomes. In saying so, farmers will receive training and education delivered by BUILD-FARM-ADAPT project being coordinated and implemented by Royal University of Agriculture in close collaboration with Chea Sim University of Kamchaymear and the University of Queensland of Australia. Today, BUILD-FARM-ADAPT is developing a "Fitness Programme" of agricultural technologies for rural farming communities in Prey Veng province particularly Ba Phnom, Kamchaymear and Pear Reang districts. As you can see, our government heavily invested in water rehabilitation and expansion aim to reduce drought risk in agricultural sector and increase crop production per unit. However, the majority of rural farming communities in Cambodia depend largely on rainfed environment with low agricultural production due to high risk of shifting rainfall patterns and diseases, insects, as well as poor farm management practices. The BUILD-FARM-ADAPT is clearly identified that insufficient conditions for transferring technologies to farming communities in Prey Veng province has largely created barriers to cope with drought and flood risks. Our main objectives today are to design technology transfer meet the needs of basic farmers’ resources, by providing them with ample opportunities to figure out the technology performance basis before implementing actual works. On top of that, we would study about farmer particular interest and willingness to test and use those technologies. The BUILD-FARM-ADAPT has three vital components for helping rural farmers in generating incomes within the context of climate change—forage and cattle systems, rice, and vegetable crops, which are planned to introduce to farmers in the next wet season by using climate change information as "Decision Support Tools."
2. Why do we need to arrange the farmer-cross visits for farmer groups?
Farmer cross-visits is conducted for improving forage technology transfer to farmers in our project locations by allowing them learning cases of "good practices" and "best available technologies" being used by farmers in Bati district of Takeo province, who were supported by CARF/CAVAC. It also provides farmers from three target locations with range of options to choose for "practice" that is the most "interesting" and "work" at their farms. A part of that providing enough time for farmers to prepare on-farm works in the next wet season. It will build confidence for farmers through the exchange studies. By presenting this, farmers will see the existing practices and results directly. This event is likely to convince farmer groups to adopt our new technologies.
3. What should farmers do after the farmer cross-visits?
A long with this fruitful outcome, farmer groups possibly consider and decide where the best places are should be chosen for establishing permanent forage crops. Farmers need clearly setting up purposes—planting forages for fattening cattle for sale or supplementing feed to cattle during the shortage period—in raising their cattle with forage crops, which are ready available in their backyards. The BUILD-FARM-ADAPT would work closely with target farmers by suggesting them with following immediate actions: (1) land cultivation; (2) preparing family labor; (3) manure and chemical fertilizer; and (4) fencing forage plots. The farmer groups will continuously help guide on "how to buy cheap cattle" for fattening to sale within 3 to 4 months.
4. How do we measure farmers’ willingness to apply the practices to their own farms?
We use different tools to collect farmer groups' concerns and opinions included questionnaire to measure farmers' willingness to test and use new technologies. Our questionnaire has four parts: (1) farm resources; (2) cattle rearing; (3) opinion on field day; and (4) training needs. The main part is farmers' views toward field day activities. The farmer groups will express their interest, application, and confidence levels of using technologies that were shown during the field day programmes. Finally, information collected from individual farmer will be used to shape technology transfer in term of "what type of technology" we should disseminate to farming communities in target areas and "what training subjects" we should offer before actual on-farm works are realized.
The Royal University of Agriculture in coorperation with Chea Sim University of Kamchay Mear and University of Queensland will host a national two-days training workshop on: "Building Capacity of Institutions to Help Farmers Better Adapt to Climate Change and Variability in Cambodia" on 26-27 September 2012. The venue of this program is at Royal University of Agriculture, Chamkar Daung, Dangkor district.
1. Purpose of the program:
- Provide basic introductory course on climate change and climate variability, with introductions to technologies for improving and stabilizing agricultural systems in a sustainable and economic way.
- Provide local and goverment officials with basic information about climate change.
- Provide an understanding of the impact of climate change, causes of climate change, the impact of climte change in Cambodia as well as the impact on agricultural sector, adaptations and mitigations strategies to deal with climate change.
- Enhance the knowledge and capacity of goverment officials responsible for the implementation of the national policy and the appropiate methods use to share their experinces to farmer and farming communities.
- Goverment officials at Provincial Department of Agriculture (PDA), Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (MAFF), General Department of Agriculture (GDA), Chea Sim University of Kamchay Mear, Non goverment officials (NGO) and other stakeholders in amount of 200 participants.
3. Expected Results
The agricultural officials will be trained to point that they will be able advise farmers and farming communities of appropriate improved agricultural strategies relating to crop production, forage and livestock production, and delivering related extension services based on adatations to projection on climate change as well as current and future climate variability. It is anticipanted that these technologies will bring about sustainable improvements in both agricultural production pratices and farm incomes.
Please see the full agenda in attached files below.
The Center for Agricultural and Environmental Studies (CAES) of the Royal University of Agriculture will organize a program so-called "Student Forum" on 23rd November, 2012 at the Conference Room of RUA. The forum aims to improve presentation skill, as well as share experiences involved with climate change from the student’s researched finding . The more importantly, we would like all of students to have more knowledge related to climate change, adaptive strategies and especially the climate change dissemination.
For the full information please read the attached file below:
Farmer Field Day
On 09 January, 2013, The project of BUILD-FARM-ADAPT is supported by CCCA-Trust Fund, arranged a field day on Agricultural Adaptation Technology in Flooded Area in Pea Rang District, Prey Veng Province. The program was under the honorary chair of H.E Prof. Dr. Chan Sarun, Minister, Ministry of Agriculture Forestry and Fishery, and members of the ministry, Deputy Provincial Governor, Vice-District Governor, provincial officials, and especially the target farmers, which have been selected. The overall object is to disseminate the results to farmers so that they do farming with the new technology applied
1. Consultant for Social and Weather Analysis
2. GIS Consultant